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‘One can have a goal in the knowledge that others also have the same goal,
and one can have beliefs and even mutual beliefs about the goal that is shared by the members of a group,
without there being necessarily any cooperation among the members or any intention to cooperate’
Searle, 1990 p. 95
What is shared intention?
shared intention serves to (a) coordinate activities,
(b) coordinate planning, and
(c) structure bargaining
Inferential integration... and normative integration (e.g. agglomeration)
1. ‘The notion of a we-intention
... implies the notion of cooperation’
Searle (1990, p. 95)
2. Meeting Bratman’s proposed sufficient conditions for shared intention does not imply that youractions will be cooperative.
3. Bratman’s conditions are not in fact sufficient.
‘This involves a bit of linguistic legislation’
Bratman, 2015 p. 38
|Bratman||Simple View Revised|
|Is coercion compatible with joint action?||yes||yes|
|Does participating in joint action entail being aware that you are doing so?||yes||[ish]|
Are all joint actions cooperative actions?
|Are contralateral commitments necessary for joint action?||no||no|